Area of Knowledge
Optics, Pharmacology and Anatomy
Optics and Optometry
This work publishes with a licence BY-NC-SA Creative Commons License
The visual ergonomics allows to take and apply of synergistic form the knowledges and skills purchased on Optics and Optometry during all the career of degree to identify and analyse the factors of environmental and labour risk that can cause problems of ocular health or of visual functionality. The asignatura serves to boost to the student in the application of the knowledges assimilated in the resolution of practical problems related with the study of the visual ergonomics. Also it will boost the application of the basic steps to prescribe properly a treatment to restore the visual function or improve the visual performance. Like this, this asignatura will improve clearly his empleabilidad labour in numerous industrial states, and that besides could mark a print of differential quality regarding other similar degrees in other universities.
Therefore, this educational project poses the foundations to tackle successfully any type of theoretical projects and applied where the human vision, as resultant of the interaction light-matter-eye, plays an important paper in the control metrológico and of visual quality of several industrial states.
|Archives||Educational resources||Resources web|
OG1- Purchase a panoramic general of the matter Ergonomics, and in particular the Ergonomics of the Vision, and his relation with the society and current technology.
OG2- Identify and analyse the factors of environmental and labour risk that can cause problems of ocular health or of visual functionality
OG3- Boost to the student to apply the knowledges obtained in this asignatura in the resolution of practical problems related with the study of the visual ergonomics
OG4- Boost to the student to prescribe properly a treatment to restore the visual function or improve the visual performance.
OG5- Provide to the students the suitable bibliographic resources so that they can educate to the patient in the prevention of ocular and visual risks
OG6- Stimulate in the student, of individual form, cooperative and in work in team, in the use of the new technologies of support to the teaching with the end to arrive to be conscious that it is possible to learn enjoying and reach a remarkable academic performance.
OC1- Comprise the interconnection of the three angular stones of the ergonomics (user-task-surroundings) and his implementation in the field of the Sciences of the Vision.
OC2- Value the factors of ocular risk in labour activities and of leisure by exhibition of radiant energy, already was associated to lamps of continuous spectrum or to lasers, and, comprise the bases of the control radiométrico to avoid such ocular injuries.
OC3- Purchase a panoramic general of all the appearances of the design of illumination and colour (photometry, selection of lamps/luminarias, methods of lighted up, etc) for crowd of environments (inner and/or external), and his relation with the visual performance of the user.
OC4- Identify and analyse the factors of environmental and labour risk that can cause ocular injuries of any type (mechanical, chemical, etc).
OC5- Know the functional limits of the human vision and his relation with the age, already was in the labour field and in activities of leisure, in connection with the factors of visibility associated to the task.
OC6- Purchase a panoramic general of all the appearances involved in the fatigue and visual performance of activities eat: the use of screens of visualisation of data, the driving of vehicles, the sportive practice, and, in the learning.
AIMS PROCEDIMENTALES (SKILLS To PURCHASE):
OP1- select an optical filter of protection in front of optical radiations, included the pertinent of lasers;
OP2- design some luminous and chromatic surroundings, already was associated to an environment of inner (office, etc) or of outside;
OP3- select a team of individual protection (EPI) ocular according to the factors of risk in the labour surroundings;
OP4- elaborate the general diagram of a program of ocular prevention in any type of company;
OP5- know and locate all the Spanish rule, European and world-wide concerning the ocular protection;
OP6- elaborate a labour visual standard and choose when better suit a method of industrial analysis of vision or a practical optométrica modified;
OP7- establish and apply a list prioritised of recommendations, according to each case, to diminish the visual fatigue in front of screens of computer;
OP8- establish and apply a list prioritised of recommendations, according to each case, to increase the visual performance (and global) of the people in tasks like the driving, the sportive practice or in the educational environment.
AIMS ACTITUDINALES (SOCIAL SKILLS):
OA1- Work in team: division of roles and tasks of a group of work (practical, etc)
OA2- Skills in the interpersonal relations: capacity of attention in class
OA3- critical Reasoning: acquisition of initiative to ask to the professor, already was of face-to-face or virtual form
OA4- autonomous Learning and training continued: concenciación of the advantages of the autonomous learning, shared, scheduled and the continuous training
OA5- Adaptation to new situations: capacity of adaptation to experimental procedures with real people and utilisation of new technologies of support to the teaching
OA6- Initiative and spirit emprendedor.
OA7- Motivation by the quality.
The asignatura articulates in five big blocks. The first, after entering to the student in the fields of the Environmental Optometry and the Occupational Optometry, cores of the Ergonomics of the Vision, presents the national rule, European and world-wide on standards related with ocular protection and function/visual performance. The second block centres in the methods of control radiométrico of luminous sources and lasers that can generate damage in any part of the ocular globe, already was associated to professional activities, of leisure or simply to haphazard causes. Likewise, they describe the factors of risk of the fotosensibilización. In the third block deepens in the human factors of the illumination and the colour, especially centred in the design and the decoration of luminous environments insurances and confortables., so much of interiors like outsides. The fourth block reviews the factors of mechanical risk and no mechanical (chemical, etc) that they can cause ocular injuries, and does incidence in the procedures to avoid them or minimise them by means of teams of individual ocular protection, that to his time have to fulfil numerous technical requirements. This includes the description of the basic guidelines to develop programs of ocular prevention according to the type of work. The fifth and last block centres in the appearances related with the functionality and the visual performance. Like this, in first term, review the limits of the vision in function of the age with the end to mark clearly the division between annoying visual tasks and comfortable. This includes to his time the description of the factors of visibility of any type of task, the classical definition of visual performance, and the description of the methods of analysis of the vision to level of labour medicine or of the work. In second term, deepens in the individual and environmental factors, even technological, that can influenciar in the decrease or the improvement of the visual performance in tasks so typical like the use of devices of screens (monitors, game consoles, mobile, etc), the driving of vehicles, the practice of different types of sports, the learning in any educational field, etc.
%u2022 Introduction to the Visual Ergonomics. Rule on ocular protection and visual performance.
%u2022 Ocular effects of the radiant energy in the eye. Methods radiométricos of control for sources of continuous broadcast and lasers. Principles of fotosensibilización.
%u2022 Luminotecnia. Types of lamps and luminarias. Design of illumination for interiors and external. Colorimetry of luminous sources. Psychological factors of the illumination and the colour for the decoration of safe environments and confortables.
%u2022 Ocular protection in the work. Factors of mechanical risk and no mechanical. Technical requirements for the protective ocular.
%u2022 Capacity and visual performance: limits of vision and age, factors of visibility, visual performance, and, analysers of vision. Appearances that minimise or improve the visual performance when using devices of screens, when driving any type of vehicles, when practising any type of sport, when exerting like student in any educational field, etc.
I. Introduction to the Visual Ergonomics
Subject 1: Introduction to the Occupational Optometry
II.- Environmental factors
Subject 2: ocular Effects of the radiant energy
III.- The surroundings of illumination and colour
Subject 3: Luminotecnia
Subject 4: The chromatic surroundings
IV.- Ocular protection in the work
Subject 5: ocular Protection in the work
V.- Visual performance in the work
Subject 6: visual Capacity
Subject 7: Screens of visualisation of data
Subject 8: Vision in the driving
Subject 9: Vision and sport
Subject 10: Vision and education
Practical nº 1: Photometry of extensive sources
Practical nº 2: Characterisation of luminarias
Practical nº 3: Design of illumination: lighted up inner
Practical nº 4: Design of illumination: lighted up external
Practical nº 5: visual Training (I): visual memory, taquitoscopio, sacádicos and follow-up.
Practical nº 6: visual Training (II): perception of form, recognition of patterns, hiperagudeza and peripheral consciousness
|Summary:||Examinations entirely resolved and marked of previous courses in the asignatura that deliver to the students in each course like sample of the final proof written.|
|Guide of study_Ergo_visual.Pdf||81Kb||Season PDF||Visualise/Open|
|Summary:||Subject 1: Introduction to the Visual Ergonomics. Similarities and differences between Environmental Optometry and Occupational Optometry.|
|Summary:||Presentation of the asignatura Visual Ergonomics|
|It appears in the collections:||GITE - RsieC - Presentations
GITE - POV - Presentations
|Summary:||Subject 2: ocular Effects of the radiant energy, and his control radiométrico to avoid ocular injuries.|
|Summary:||Subject 3: Luminotecnia, the control of the illumination and the colour in the work.|
|Summary:||Subject 4: The chromatic surroundings, the control of the colour in the decoration of luminous environments.|
|Summary:||Subject 5: ocular Protection, analysis and control of the factors of risk of ocular injuries in the work.|
|Summary:||Subject 6: visual Capacity, the analysis of the general factors that influence in the visual performance in the work.|
|Summary:||Subject 7: Screens of visualisation of data, the effective and efficient control of the visual information.|
|Summary:||Subject 8: Vision and driving, the visual control of the vehicle inside the surroundings of the road.|
|Summary:||Subject 9: Vision and sport, the coordination visuo-motora of the human body to realise activities of high exigencia or ociosas.|
|Summary:||Subject 10: Vision and education.|
|Summary:||Leaves of problems, with form and tables of data for leaf nº 1.|
|Summary:||Scripts of the practical sessions nº 1 and 2, on photometry of luminarias extensive, and nº 5 and 6, on visual training by means of computer.|
|P1_EV.Pdf||It practises_no1||112Kb||Season PDF||Visualise/Open|
|P2_EV.Pdf||It practises_no2||328Kb||Season PDF||Visualise/Open|
|P5_EV.Pdf||It practises_no5||62Kb||Season PDF||Visualise/Open|
|P6_EV.Pdf||It practises_no6||23Kb||Season PDF||Visualise/Open|
%u2022 ANSHEL, J.: Visual Ergonomics in the workplace. London: Taylor & Francis Ltd., 1998.
%u2022 LILLO JOVER, J.: Ergonomics. Evaluation and design of the visual surroundings. Madrid: Publishing Alliance, Psychology and Education, 2000.
%u2022 NORTH, R.V.: Work and Eye. Barcelona: Masson S.A., 1996.
%u2022 PITTS, D.G. & KLEINSTEIN, R.N.: Environmental Vision. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1993.
%u2022 SMITH, N.To.: Lighting for Health and Safety. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2000.
%u2022 BOYCE, P.R.: Human factors in lighting, 2nd ed., London: Taylor & Francis, 2003.
%u2022 GOETSCH, D.L.: Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists, Engineers, and Managers, 5th ed., New York: Prentice Hall, 2004.
%u2022 HELANDER, M.: To guide to human factors and ergonomics, 2nd ed. London: CRC Press, 2005.
%u2022 JACKSON, R., MACDONALD, L., FREEMAN, K.: Computer generated colour: To practical guide to presentation and display. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons, 1994.
%u2022 KOPACZ, J.: Colour in Three-Dimensional Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.
%u2022 LEACHTENAUER, J.C.: Electronic Image Display: Equipment Selection and Operation. Bellingham: SPIE Press, 2003.
%u2022 LORAN, D.F., McEWEN, C.J.: Sports Vision. Stoneham: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1995.
%u2022 McKINLAY, To.F., HARLEN, F. WHILLOCK, M.J.: Hazards of Optical Radiation. Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1988.
%u2022 MOLLON, J.D., POKORNY, J., KNOBLAUCH, K.: Normal and defective colour vision. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
%u2022 OLSON, P.L.: Human Factor in traffic safety, Boston: Lawyers & Judges, 2002.
%u2022 ROSENBLOOM, To.To. Jr.: Rosenblomm & Morgan's Vision and Aging, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2007.
%u2022 SCHEIMAN, M., ROUSE, M.: Optometric management of learning related vision problems. St. Louis: Mosby, 2005.
%u2022 SCHREUDER, D.To: Road lighting for safety. London: Thomas Telford, 1998.
%u2022 SHEEDY, J.And., SHAW-McMINN, P.G.: Diagnosis and Treating Computer-Related Vision Problems. Amsterdam, Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2003.
%u2022 WARE, C.: Information visualization: perception for design. Amsterdam: Morgan Kaufmann, 2004.
%u2022 WORMINGTON, C.M: Ophthalmic Lasers. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2003.
%u2022 WRIGHT, To.: The beginner's guide to colour psychology. London: Colour Affects, 1999.
Also it will be necessary to consult skilled bibliographic sources like magazines link web (tutoriales, companies of the sector, groups investigation, etc).
Universidad de Alicante
Carretera de San Vicente del Raspeig s/n
03690 San Vicente del Raspeig
Tel: (+34) 96 590 3400Fax: (+34) 96 590 3464